Predicting Earnings Manipulation By Indian Firms Using Machine Learning Algorithms Case Study Analysis


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Predicting Earnings Manipulation By Indian Firms Using Machine Learning Algorithms Case Study Solution

Background and Facts

Predicting Earnings Manipulation By Indian Firms Using Machine Learning Algorithms an office supplies retailer for small and average sized organisations has just recently been associated with planning for a merger with its rival Residence Deport, which has affected performance degrees in departmentswith the senior supervisor involved in lawful complications put forth by the government Trade Payment. With the Advertising and marketing Head putting forward the information of his separation from the company in one year, Jeannie Lewis, the existing head of procedures has been asked to take the duty in the future. With difficulties in the type of a potential cultural change and also low staff member morale, the organization wants a total reengineering initiative at the advertising and marketing department.

Problem Statement
Porter's 5 Forces Analysis
The potential cultural modification at the advertising and marketing department of Predicting Earnings Manipulation By Indian Firms Using Machine Learning Algorithms is enhancing unpredictability in the workplace resulting in numerous challenges for the Jeannie Lewis that would be changing the head of the department in one year. nalysis

PEST analysis

Political Factors: Political factors play a significant function in affecting calculated decisions given that Stapes Inc. needed to abandon its strategies of merging with Workplace Deport after the Federal Profession Payment's intervention in the process. Provided the reality that the store has a global presence with branches in UK, USA, Canada and Germany, political consider each of these countries might have the ability to affect efficiency or strategic objectives. Federal Trade Payment's antitrust fit against the merger occupied useful time of the organization's senior monitoring suggesting that 'political' factors can have severe ramifications for a global organisation.

Economic Factors: Economic factors such as the development of local business in the worldwide scenario recommend that Predicting Earnings Manipulation By Indian Firms Using Machine Learning Algorithms is flourishing in an environment where there is potential growth of companies. Along with this, reality that shop consumers are mostly looking for office supplies for home offices suggests that the marketplace has an increasing fad of business owners as well as home based organisations.

Social factors: Social fads in the economy show that clients are looking for benefit in addition to eye-catching costs. Market research shows how the customer for Predicting Earnings Manipulation By Indian Firms Using Machine Learning Algorithms does not have awareness regarding locating remedies which can offer a mix of comfort and also inexpensive.

Technological factors: Technology plays an important function in Predicting Earnings Manipulation By Indian Firms Using Machine Learning Algorithms's service approach especially as the organization is piloting Innovation centers which would offer innovation sales and also assistance in the form of memory upgrades, outer installations. (Recap of BUG in appendix 2).

OB Issues as well as Symptoms.

A number of underlying Business Behavior concerns can be seen in Predicting Earnings Manipulation By Indian Firms Using Machine Learning Algorithms's case as highlighted in this section.

Concerns concerning cultural adjustment: There is concern about a social change that would take place as soon as Todd Krasnow leaves from his placement as the Exec Vice Head Of State of Advertising with most of the personnel currently showing discontent over this possible relocation. This anticipated adjustment has created tension in the office which has actually been paired with the previous stress and anxiety of preparing the firm for a possible merging with Home Deport.
Pest Analysis
Stressful Task Environment for Newcomers: There is scarcity of personnel that can match the stressful setting of a hectic company. Not only does this cause difficulty in discovering the appropriate individuals, it puts stress on new hires as can not endure the rate and stress that the organization expects them to birth.

Double Coverage Lines: Beginners discover this business culture difficult and also difficult to handle especially as dotted line partnerships are meant to be weak generally and objective setting as well as efficiency evaluation is still done by the solid line supervisor. This implies that newcomers could shed clarity about their corresponding roles and goals specifically as dotted line coverage does not maintain them in direct communication with the solid line supervisors.

Bitterness From Cross Departmental Hiring: Krasnow's choice to make Lewis his follower rather than Bridget Coles although it had actually been guessed that the latter would certainly take Krasnow's position came as an impact to her spirits. Lewis might have been qualified as well as ideal for the job yet the fact that Kransnow's departure would certainly make Coles a direct record to Lewis may have been the factor for Coles' resignation from solutions.

Anxiety & Task Insecurity: Fear and also insecurity can be determined as two significant issues that Lewis would be dealing with especially as the merging has actually currently be cancelled and also 2 elderly executives of the advertising and marketing department would certainly be leaving. The entire obligation of the division would be falling on Lewis's shoulders who would not just supervise of brining concerning a cultural adjustment however would certainly also have to prove herself in her brand-new function.

Inappropriate Monitoring Design of Leader: Lewis's management style and its conflict with the marketing department's role can additionally be seen as an OB difficulty especially as she has actually been used to taking care of problems in the operations department where employees are shown to focus on procedures as well as get them right. The advertising and marketing division on the various other hand can be viewed as a team of people who are utilized to being nurtured by Krasnow who focused a lot more on outcome than procedures.

Interdepartmental Arguments: Interdepartmental disputes in between 3 divisions, marketing, merchandizing as well as operations respectively over the appropriation of the advertising and marketing mix can be identified as another OB concern. Although the marketing division does not share the same vision as the other two departments regarding the aloocation of the advertising mix twoards promotions and also advertsing, the merchandizing as well as operations departments do not concur over the marketing mix allowance amongst each other either.

Fragmentation in Marketing Department: Disintegration between the marketing and advertising departments can be recognized as an additional OB issue which could need further focus. The truth that the advertising and marketing areas in the advertising and marketing division are disconnected is protecting against both departments from obtaining from each other's experience as well as experience. Integration of advertising with retailing as well as operations would become more difficult if the advertising and marketing division itself is broken down which can be an additional possible OB concern.

Predicting Earnings Manipulation By Indian Firms Using Machine Learning Algorithms Analysis

Various theories have been utilized to describe the scenarios to obtain additional quality regarding the circumstance at hand.
Swot Analysis
McGregor's Concept X & Y: According to Douglas McGregor's Concept X, most managers believe that juniors are passive and also lazy, have little passion and also withstand modification. The difficult variation of this theory stressed browbeating, limited controls, risks and punishments. Gradually it creates reduced performance, subtle sabotage as well as rivalry (Offer, 2003). Although the circumstance at Predicting Earnings Manipulation By Indian Firms Using Machine Learning Algorithms is not completely adhering to Theory X, it can be seen that new hires are locating this atmosphere rather difficult which might ultimately cause a greater inclination of the administration in the direction of Concept X. Based on McGregor's advocated view, which he called Theory Y, the necessary task of the monitoring is to organize business conditions to ensure that individuals can achieve their own objectives best by directing their initiatives towards organizational incentives. If people locate no complete satisfaction in their job, the administration would certainly have little choice yet to rely upon concept X and external control (Offer, 2003). Even while examining Lewis's monitoring style, theory X might have appropriated in the procedures department somewhat however the Advertising division would certainly call for dependence on Theory Y in order to get the imagination and creativity from the groups.

Tuckman's Synergy Theory: As far as Lewis's issue regarding bringing harmony in between the advertising and marketing department is concerned, this would initially lead to conflict as reviewed by Bruce Tuckman in his 'Teamwork Concept'. By combining the advertising and marketing and also marketing division's job, there might be the same preliminary detach which could lead to the second stage of 'storming' where the teams challenge one an additional.

Bridges' Transition Design: According To William Bridge's concept (appendix 4), people are fairly unpleasant with modification, which is noticeable by the scenario at Predicting Earnings Manipulation By Indian Firms Using Machine Learning Algorithms The situation can be seen as a normal course of life if is studied according to Bridge's concept where he describes that individuals go through three phases of shift when they experience adjustment. 'End, losing as well as Letting go', The Neutral Area and also 'The New Starting' (Bridges, 2004). When people exist with adjustment, they get in phase one and so there might be feelings like sadness, uncertainty, irritation, rage, worry, denial and disorientation.The circumstance at the marketing division of Predicting Earnings Manipulation By Indian Firms Using Machine Learning Algorithms is comparable so Lewis can get comfy with the suggestion that it is not extraordinary behavior. In the second stage, there might be a demand to link the gap in between the new as well as old culture so Lewis may need to face this ordeal once Krasnow leaves. There might be reduced morale and reduced efficiency at this stage which must not be taken as a trouble. It is during this stage that Lewis will need to provide support to the department so that they can locate a sense of direction. It can be seen exactly how Krasnow has currently made this shift much easier by making Lewis get associated with the department a year before his actual departure. According to Bridges' Design, stage three will certainly cause openness to discovering, High energy and also dedication as individuals will embrace the change (Bridges, 2004).
Vrio Analysis
Abraham Maslow in his Concept of 'Demands Power structure' (appendix 5) has discusses the relevance of 'security requires as being a lower degree demand of a human for causing motivation. As seen in the pyramid shared in appendix 3, we can see exactly how 'the requirement to really feel protected and also out of risk' is at the second degree of requirements. Before a worker can be made to develop mentally, he needs to have his 'Physiological 'and 'Safety' requires fulfilled.

SWOT Analysis for Predicting Earnings Manipulation By Indian Firms Using Machine Learning Algorithms Case Study

Effects of Analysis.

The OB analysis has actually checked out various concepts to comprehend how to manage the existing scenario at hand. The complying with three options have been proposed to help Lewis deal with the organizational difficulties in the advertising department. Each of these alternatives has been suggested for relieving the transition needed to bring the advertising and marketing department according to the demands of the market as well as for making the cultural change that would certainly adhere to once the present leader leaves.

Combination of advertising and marketing functions. Dividing Adverting and Manufacturing functions. Combination of Marketing with Workflow.

Analysis of Alternatives.

Judith Shapiro who has earlier been talked to by Lewis throughout the earlier merger days has experience in business-to-business advertising along with agency as well as retail advertising and marketing experience. When Krasnow leaves, Lewis can employ Shapiro as an EVP for advertising and marketing to deal with both advertising as well as advertising and marketing features.

The benefit of this approach is that it will certainly integrate the two functions while minimizing the demand for working with an additional source for advertising and marketing. Along with this, Lewis would certainly be heading the marketing department as well as in any case her replacement would certainly be required for the present duty that she is carrying out. The downside of this choice is that exterior hiring might bring about resentment from interior employees that might be considering the position of EVP after Lewis takes control of Krasnow's position.

Dividing Adverting as well as Production: Given the competitive pressures and also high top quality work required from the marketing agency, it is advised that Lewis must permit the production device to be a separate feature from the marketing system. Given that the majority of marketing agencies had these two functions as separate systems, it makes more feeling to follow the standard.

Assimilation of Advertising with Operations: Given that Lewis is currently looking after the advertising and procedures departments concurrently; it makes good sense to integrate the two functions considering that she has been efficiently looking after both ends. The fact that both divisions already have significant differences over allotment of sources recommends that this integration might have the ability to bring about consistency especially as Lewis would be heading both ends.However there are numerous downsides of this step especially as it would certainly place excessive concern over Lewis's shoulders. The fact that Lewis needs to adjust her monitoring style for the advertising and marketing department suggests that these 2 departments would certainly be culturally diverse. Lewis might not be able to use one kind of management design to both divisions which can result in ineffectiveness in either one of the 2 functions.


An evaluation of the 3 alternatives indicates that integration of marketing as well as procedures would not be a viable move due to the vast distinctions between both departments although that presently Lewis is managing both. While separation of the production function might have been a positive action for the advertising department, the fact that it would indicate putting a third function under Lewis's wing implies this should be prevented as well. The integration of the advertising and marketing division is the very best choice in terms of getting the ideal results from the department. An activity prepare for this choice is reviewed below.

Activity Plan.
Lewis will take control of the role of EVP Marketing after Krasnow leaves.

Marketing and advertising functions would certainly be merged.

Judith Shapiro will certainly be worked with to take Lewis's location as SVP of marketing and advertising.

Manufacturing function will stay component of marketing under advertising and marketing function.

Lewis will divide herself from operations.

An autonomous management design with staff member empowerment will be utilized in advertising and marketing division.

Open up door policy as well as focus on cross departmental communication will be targeted at getting rid of disharmony.

Backup plan.

If the assimilation does not exercise as planned, a contingency plan would certainly adhere to which would separate the production function from the advertising and marketing feature to lower the lots on the SVP of marketing and advertising. In case Judith Shapiro does not get worked with, Lewis will certainly be heading the marketing division without an SVP. Because case the production function will certainly be separated by positioning it under an SVP manufacturing.