Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War Case Study Solution


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Background and Facts

Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War a workplace supplies store for little and also moderate sized companies has actually lately been associated with planning for a merger with its competitor Residence Deport, which has affected performance levels in departmentswith the senior manager associated with lawful difficulties presented by the government Profession Compensation. With the Advertising and marketing Head putting forward the news of his departure from the company in one year, Jeannie Lewis, the present head of procedures has been asked to take the function in the future. With obstacles in the type of a possible cultural modification as well as reduced employee morale, the company wants a full reengineering effort at the advertising department.

Issue Declaration
Porter's 5 Forces Analysis
The possible cultural adjustment at the advertising and marketing division of Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War is raising uncertainty in the working environment leading to various obstacles for the Jeannie Lewis that would be changing the head of the division in one year. nalysis

PEST analysis

Political Factors: Political factors play a significant function in influencing strategic choices because Stapes Inc. had to abandon its plans of combining with Office Deport after the Federal Trade Payment's treatment in the process. Offered the fact that the shop has an international visibility with branches in UK, UNITED STATES, Canada and also Germany, political factors in each of these countries might have the ability to affect efficiency or strategic goals. Federal Trade Compensation's antitrust match against the merger occupied valuable time of the organization's senior monitoring recommending that 'political' factors can have significant implications for a worldwide company.

Economic Factors: Economic factors such as the development of local business in the global situation suggest that Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War is flourishing in an environment where there is prospective development of companies. Truth that shop clients are primarily looking for workplace materials for house workplaces suggests that the market has an increasing trend of entrepreneurs and house based services.

Social factors: Social trends in the economic situation reveal that consumers are trying to find ease as well as attractive rates. Market research shows how the customer for Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War lacks recognition regarding locating solutions which can supply a combination of comfort and low costs.

Technological factors: Innovation plays a crucial role in Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War's company approach especially as the company is piloting Technology centers which would provide modern technology sales as well as support in the form of memory upgrades, peripheral installments. (Recap of PEST in appendix 2).

OB Issues as well as Manifestations.

Several underlying Business Actions issues can be seen in Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War's case as highlighted in this section.

Apprehensions regarding social adjustment: There is concern regarding a social adjustment that would happen as soon as Todd Krasnow leaves from his setting as the Exec Vice Head Of State of Advertising And Marketing with a lot of the staff members already showing discontent over this prospective relocation. This anticipated modification has developed tension in the workplace which has actually been combined with the past stress of preparing the company for a possible merger with House Deport.
Pest Analysis
Stressful Task Environment for Newcomers: There is shortage of workers that can match the difficult atmosphere of a fast-paced company. Not only does this bring about problem in locating the appropriate people, it places stress on brand-new hires as can not endure the rate and stress that the company anticipates them to birth.

Double Reporting Lines: Newbies locate this organizational culture troublesome and challenging to cope with specifically as dotted line relationships are meant to be weaker as a whole as well as objective setting as well as efficiency evaluation is still done by the strong line supervisor. This implies that beginners can shed quality regarding their particular duties and also goals especially as populated line reporting does not keep them in direct communication with the solid line managers.

Bitterness From Cross Departmental Hiring: Krasnow's decision to make Lewis his follower rather than Bridget Coles despite the fact that it had actually been speculated that the latter would take Krasnow's placement came as a blow to her spirits. Lewis might have been qualified and proper for the task but the reality that Kransnow's departure would certainly make Coles a straight record to Lewis might have been the reason for Coles' resignation from solutions.

Concern & Job Instability: Concern as well as insecurity can be determined as two major issues that Lewis would certainly be managing particularly as the merging has now be terminated and 2 elderly execs of the advertising department would be leaving. The entire obligation of the division would certainly be dropping on Lewis's shoulders who would certainly not simply supervise of brining concerning a social adjustment but would additionally have to show herself in her brand-new role.

Incompatible Monitoring Style of Leader: Lewis's administration design as well as its incompatibility with the advertising department's function can additionally be viewed as an OB difficulty specifically as she has been used to dealing with issues in the procedures division where employees are taught to focus on procedures as well as obtain them right. The advertising and marketing department on the various other hand can be seen as a team of individuals who are made use of to being supported by Krasnow who focused a lot more on output than procedures.

Interdepartmental Disagreements: Interdepartmental differences in between three divisions, advertising and marketing, merchandizing and also operations specifically over the allotment of the advertising mix can be determined as one more OB problem. The advertising department does not share the same vision as the other two divisions pertaining to the aloocation of the marketing mix twoards promos and advertsing, the merchandizing and also procedures departments do not agree over the advertising mix allowance amongst one another either.

Disintegration in Advertising And Marketing Division: Fragmentation between the advertising and marketing divisions can be determined as one more OB problem which could need further attention. The truth that the marketing and advertising areas in the marketing department are separated is avoiding both departments from gaining from each other's experience and also experience. Integration of advertising with merchandising and also operations would certainly end up being more difficult if the marketing division itself is degenerated which can be one more prospective OB problem.

Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War Analysis

Various concepts have been used to discuss the conditions to obtain more quality concerning the circumstance at hand.
Swot Analysis
McGregor's Concept X & Y: According to Douglas McGregor's Concept X, a lot of supervisors believe that subordinates are passive and also lazy, have little ambition and stand up to change. The difficult version of this concept emphasized threat, limited controls, dangers as well as punishments. Over time it produces reduced efficiency, refined sabotage and rivalry (Offer, 2003). Although the circumstance at Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War is not completely following Theory X, it can be seen that brand-new hires are discovering this setting rather difficult which might at some point result in a greater disposition of the management towards Concept X. As per McGregor's supported sight, which he called Theory Y, the crucial job of the monitoring is to arrange business problems to ensure that individuals can achieve their own objectives best by guiding their efforts towards business incentives. If people locate no satisfaction in their work, the management would have little selection but to rely on concept X and outside control (Bargain, 2003). Also while analyzing Lewis's monitoring style, concept X might have been suitable in the operations department to some extent yet the Advertising and marketing department would need dependence on Theory Y so as to get the creative thinking and also originality from the groups.

Tuckman's Synergy Concept: As for Lewis's worry concerning bringing consistency in between the marketing and advertising department is concerned, this would at first result in clash as discussed by Bruce Tuckman in his 'Teamwork Concept'. (Tuckman, 1965). Based on Tuckman's concept received appendix 3, throughout the first stage of group development, individuals may not bond, as they are active discovering their location in the group. By combining the advertising and marketing department's job, there may be the same initial disconnect which might result in the 2nd phase of 'storming' where the teams test each other. It is just throughout the third stage or 'norming' when they would come with each other to share concepts before the team can bring around synergy in the 4th stage 'carrying out'.

When individuals are offered with adjustment, they get in stage one and also so there may be emotions like despair, uncertainty, aggravation, rage, fear, rejection and also disorientation.The scenario at the advertising department of Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War is similar so Lewis can get comfy with the concept that it is not phenomenal behavior. It is during this stage that Lewis will certainly have to give guidance to the department so that they can locate a feeling of direction. It can be seen just how Krasnow has currently made this transition less complicated by making Lewis obtain involved in the department a year prior to his real separation.
Vrio Analysis
Maslow's Demand pecking order: The OB concern related to insecurity at the workplace has been set off to start with by the change in management and secondly by the truth that the merger will certainly no more be started. Abraham Maslow in his Concept of 'Demands Pecking order' (appendix 5) has goes over the value of 'safety requires as being a lower degree requirement of a human for triggering motivation. As seen in the pyramid cooperated appendix 3, we can see how 'the requirement to feel safe and unharmed' goes to the 2nd degree of requirements. Prior to an employee can be made to create psychologically, he needs to have his 'Physical 'and 'Security' requires satisfied. This shows that unless the employees are made to feel secure concerning their existing employment standing in Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War they may not reach 'Self-Fulfillment'. (King, 2009).

SWOT Analysis for Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War Case Study

Implication of Analysis.

The OB analysis has actually considered different concepts to understand how to handle the current scenario handy. The adhering to 3 alternatives have been suggested to assist Lewis take care of the business difficulties in the marketing division. Each of these options has been proposed for reducing the change needed to bring the advertising and marketing department according to the demands of the marketplace and for making the social change that would follow when the existing leader leaves.

Assimilation of advertising and marketing features. Separating Adverting and Manufacturing functions. Assimilation of Advertising And Marketing with Procedures.

Evaluation of Alternatives.

Integration of Advertising And Marketing & Marketing Functions: The in-house advertising agency of Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War is already stamina for the organization in regards to saving up on overheads associated with advertising and marketing and also promotion. Considering that no brand-new employment has actually been done after Bridget Cole's departure with the coverage line being straight appointed to Krasnow for the advertising function, this is a favorable opportunity for incorporating the marketing and advertising features. Judith Shapiro that has actually earlier been talked to by Lewis throughout the earlier merging days has know-how in business-to-business marketing along with agency as well as retail advertising and marketing experience. Once Krasnow leaves, Lewis can hire Shapiro as an EVP for marketing to manage both advertising and marketing functions.

The advantage of this method is that it will incorporate the two features while reducing the requirement for employing an added resource for marketing. Along with this, Lewis would be heading the marketing department as well as all the same her substitute would certainly be required for the present role that she is doing. The disadvantage of this alternative is that exterior hiring might cause bitterness from interior personnel that may be looking at the position of EVP after Lewis takes over Krasnow's setting.

Separating Adverting and Manufacturing: Provided the affordable pressures as well as high quality job required from the ad agency, it is recommended that Lewis ought to enable the manufacturing device to be a different feature from the advertising and marketing device. Given that most advertising agencies had these two functions as separate systems, it makes even more sense to comply with the norm. Along with this, both functions might be able to concentrate on their core turns on more efficiently. However, the downside of this approach would be that additional costs would certainly have to be borne for setting up separate manufacturing features. In addition to this, a manufacturing head may need to be hired which might boost expenses for the organization.

Integration of Marketing with Operations: Given that Lewis is currently taking treatment of the advertising and marketing and also procedures divisions all at once; it makes feeling to incorporate the two functions because she has been successfully taking care of both ends. The fact that Lewis has to adapt her monitoring style for the advertising department suggests that these 2 divisions would be culturally varied.


An assessment of the 3 choices shows that assimilation of advertising and operations would certainly not be a feasible step as a result of the large distinctions in between both divisions despite the fact that presently Lewis is handling both. While splitting up of the manufacturing feature may have been a favorable action for the marketing department, the reality that it would certainly mean putting a 3rd feature under Lewis's wing means this must be prevented too. The combination of the advertising division is the very best option in terms of getting the optimal arise from the department. An action plan for this option is discussed below.

Activity Strategy.
Lewis will take over the duty of EVP Advertising after Krasnow leaves.

Advertising and Marketing features would be combined.

Judith Shapiro will be employed to take Lewis's location as SVP of advertising and marketing.

Production feature will certainly stay component of advertising under advertising and marketing function.

Lewis will separate herself from operations.

A democratic management design with staff member empowerment will certainly be utilized in advertising division.

Open up door plan and also emphasis on cross departmental interaction will certainly be aimed at getting rid of disharmony.

Contingency plan.

If the assimilation does not work out as planned, a contingency plan would comply with which would divide the manufacturing feature from the advertising feature to lower the lots on the SVP of marketing and advertising. In case Judith Shapiro does not get worked with, Lewis will be heading the marketing department without an SVP. Because case the production function will most definitely be separated by placing it under an SVP production.